Waxes provide shape and a texture that can be spread. Oils, such as petroleum jelly, lanolin, cocoa butter, jojoba, castor and minerals, add moisture. I have some early memories of imitating my mother wearing makeup. I would sit in front of the mirror and dust my face with loose powder with a large burger-like dust tassel, smear my mother's ruby-red lipstick on my lips and frown like the movie and television stars I'd seen.
I also remember the days when I was about 11 or 12 years old and my friends and me—not having reached the age when we were allowed to wear lipstick—would stick a tube of lipstick to school, put it on, and then clean it before we got home. Nowadays, I know women who say they feel naked without lipstick. Although no self-respecting Egyptian would leave home without it, makeup hasn't always occupied an accepted place in society. In fact, it has traveled a bumpy road to acceptance.
According to Ragas and Kozlowski, Thomas Hall, English pastor and author of The Disgust of Long Hair (165), led a movement in which he declared that face painting was the work of the devil and that women who put their brushes in their mouths tried to catch others and light a fire and a flame of lust in the hearts of those who They set their eyes on them. In 1770, the British Parliament passed a law condemning lipstick, declaring that women found guilty of seducing men to marry with cosmetic means could be tried for witchcraft. Jessica Pallingston points out in her book, Lipstick, that in the 19th century, Queen Victoria publicly stated that makeup was rude. It was seen as vulgar and something that actors and prostitutes used.
Makeup went into the background and pallor became fashionable for almost a century. Putting on a happy face during World War II, with the help of the film industry, gave respectability to lipstick and face powder. It became the patriotic duty of women citizens to put their faces on. In the 1930s, industry leaders, such as Helena Rubinstein and Elizabeth Arden, opened their first beauty salons, offering services ranging from facial massages to hairdressing and makeup tips.
Oils and fats used in lipstick include olive oil, mineral oil, castor oil, cocoa butter, lanolin and petroleum jelly. More than 50% of lipsticks made in the USA. UU. They contain substantial amounts of castor oil.
Forms a hard, shiny film when dry after application. However, the ingestion of large amounts of castor oil can cause frequent visits to the restrooms. In recent years, ingredients such as moisturizers, vitamin E, aloe vera, collagen, amino acids and sunscreen have been added to lipstick. Additional components keep lips soft, moist and protected from the elements.
Making lipstick is similar to making crayons: it is heated, mixed and stirred a lot. In short, the mixture is finely ground and waxes are added to give it texture and maintain stiffness. Oils and lanolin are added for specific formula requirements. The hot liquid is then poured into cold metal molds where it solidifies and cools down even more.
The formed lipstick is subjected to a flame for approximately half a second to create a smooth, shiny finish and eliminate imperfections. Matte lipsticks are high in wax and pigment, but are lighter in emollients. They have more texture than shine. Creams are a balance between shine and texture.
Glitters have a high brightness and little color. Transparencies and stains contain a lot of oil and an average amount of wax with a little color. Glitters have an additional shine, which comes from mica or silica particles. Long-lasting color lipsticks contain silicone oil, which seals the color of the lips.
Lip gloss usually comes in bottles and contains different proportions of the same ingredients as lipstick, but it generally has less wax and more oil to make lips shine brighter. In Connie Francis' 1959 song, Lipstick on Your Collar, lipstick was the indication that her boyfriend had been a fake. According to a 1996 survey conducted by Shisedo Cosmetics, Tokyo, 87% of American women admit to leaving traces of lipstick in unwanted places. Until recently, I had never thought about reading the label on a lipstick tube.
Now that I've done it, I'm a convert. I am going to read each lipstick label before buying it and I will appreciate that color in a tube more. Over the years, lipstick has evolved from crushed plant powder to a chemically formulated cosmetic. Although they mainly provide the structure of lipstick, these waxes can also confer other useful properties: they can act as emulsifying agents to help bind the other ingredients together and they can also give shine when applying lipstick.
Its inclusion can give lipstick the rather useful feature of not melting in the sun as a result of the lower melting points of some of the other waxes used. The tubes that contain lipstick range from inexpensive plastic dispensers for lip balms to ornate metal for lipsticks. Controlling the color of lipstick is essential, and you only need to look at the range of colors available from a manufacturer to find out. Interestingly, capsaicin, the main capsaicinoid compound in chilies, which is largely responsible for the spicy flavor, can also sometimes be found in lipsticks.
Now that you know all the chemicals in lipstick, you may wonder if it's really safe to put lipstick on your lips. It wasn't until the 19th century that French cosmetologists began molding lipsticks for widespread commercial sale. During World War II, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill rationed all cosmetics except lipstick. Even with new cosmetic innovations, the FDA has enacted few or no regulations on what can be used to make lipstick.
However, this study has been criticized in some sectors, since it based its estimates of human ingestion on a series of different data for each metal, and it also evaluated the amounts ingested with the assumption that all the lipstick applied was ingested, an unlikely scenario. In the normal manufacturing process, there are no by-products and the waste parts of the lipstick are discarded when the cleaning materials are discarded. You'll find that the color reward is equal to or better than any lipstick colored with synthetic heavy metal dyes. .