At the end of the 19th century, Guerlain, a French cosmetics company, began manufacturing lipsticks. The first commercial lipstick was invented in 1884 by perfumers from Paris, France. Lipsticks can be made from ingredients derived from cows, sheep, pigs, whales, sharks, beetles, and other animals. Until the late 19th century, most lipsticks were DIY, made with carmine dye extracted from insects called cochineal.
The first commercially produced lipstick was invented in 1884 by French perfumers. This lipstick was formulated from a combination of deer tallow, castor oil and beeswax. At this time, lipstick was not sold in the metal or plastic tubes that we know today. Instead, it was sold in paper tubes, small pots, or wrapped in paper.
However, in the 19th century, respectable women did not use cosmetics, and the use of makeup was associated with actors and prostitutes. Around the 1850s, the dangers associated with the use of makeup were warned because of the lead and vermilion used to make the products. At the end of the 19th century, a French cosmetics company Guerlain began manufacturing lipsticks. The first commercial lipstick was invented in 1884, from deer tallow, castor oil and beeswax, covered with tissue paper.
Before this, lipsticks were made at home. The first known red lipsticks were made by crushing gemstones and using them on the lips in Mesopotamia more than 5000 years ago. Later, lipsticks would be made with red algae and fish scales. The first molded lipsticks that resemble the ones we use today were invented by Abu Al-Qasim Al-Zahrawi during the Islamic Golden Age.
Lipstick has existed in some form since about 3000 to. C. Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Roman women applied ground gemstones to their lips, and Cleopatra VII discovered that crushing ants and carmine in beeswax provided a shade of red worthy of the queen of the Nile. In the early 20th century, after centuries of male authority limiting the use of cosmetics, wearing red lipstick was seen as an act of female rebellion.
Over the centuries, lipstick has been associated with prostitution, sexuality, witchcraft, and women's strength and rebellion. The rock groups Ronettes and the Shirelles popularized white lipsticks in the 1960s, but the majority of the female population preferred darker or more colorful shades. In the 1950s, red lipstick was associated with Hollywood's most glamorous movie stars, such as Elizabeth Taylor, Marilyn Monroe, Rita Hayworth and Ava Gardner. Red lipstick is considered to be one of the most powerful symbols of sexuality and feminine beauty in the Western world.
Lipstick can be produced in highly automated processes, at speeds of up to 2,400 tubes per hour, or in essentially manual operations, at speeds of around 150 tubes per hour. In 16th century England, Queen Elizabeth revived the popularity of red lipstick with its characteristic alabaster skin look with crimson lips. The tubes that contain lipstick range from inexpensive plastic dispensers for lip balms to ornate metal for lipsticks. Manufacturers continue to introduce new types and shades of lipstick, and a huge variety of products are available at a moderate cost.
A 1937 survey revealed that more than 50% of adolescent girls quarreled with their parents over the use of lipstick. During the 1950s, red lipstick entered the mainstream, and two-thirds of adolescent girls reported wearing lipstick in a 1951 survey. This partnership would continue in England in the 18th century, where in 1770 a law ruled that a marriage could be annulled if a woman wore lipstick before her wedding day. Today, most red lipsticks are still pigmented with crushed bugs called cochineal, or use synthetic dyes such as red 22.The combination of the reheated batches is done visually, so the time and environment in the lipstick mass are carefully controlled when not used immediately.