The first commercially produced lipstick was invented in 1884 by French perfumers. This lipstick was formulated from a combination of deer tallow, castor oil and beeswax. At this time, lipstick was not sold in the metal or plastic tubes that we know today. The first known red lipsticks were made by crushing gemstones and using them on the lips in Mesopotamia more than 5,000 years ago.
Later, lipsticks would be made with red algae and fish scales. The first molded lipsticks that resemble the ones we use today were invented by Abu Al-Qasim Al-Zahrawi during the Islamic Golden Age. Many historians recognize that the ancient Sumerians (in 3500 BC. C.
in southern Mesopotamia) they invented it by crushing red rocks into powder to dye their lips red. Others give credit to the elites of ancient Egypt, who mixed crushed insects into a vibrant paste of red waxes for Cleopatra, among others. Ancient Sumerian men and women were arguably the first to invent and use lipstick, approximately 5,000 years ago. They crushed gemstones and used them to decorate their faces, mainly on the lips and around the eyes.
However, in the long prehistoric periods, lipsticks were only made from readily available natural sources: fruit and plant juices. As the first civilizations began to appear in the Middle East, North Africa and India, advanced manufacturing processes allowed humanity to finally begin producing new types of lipsticks. The first to do so were Mesopotamian women, who crushed precious stones and used their powder to decorate their lips with sparkles and riches. Women from the Indus Valley civilization used lipstick regularly, but it was in Egypt that lipstick manufacturing received many advances.
There, royals, clergy and the upper class used various types of lipsticks, some with recipes containing poisonous ingredients that could cause serious illness. It was there that the color carmine was popularized, extracted from the bodies of cochineal insects, a technique that is widely used even today (although the US governments. UU. and the EU strongly regulate the presence of this pigment in our food and cosmetic products).
Lipstick also has many variations, such as liquids, lip balms, glosses, crayons, pencils, eyeliners, palettes and tints. The great English queen was so devoted to lipstick that she believed it could prevent illness and, according to reports, wore half an inch of lipstick on her deathbed. But given the complicated history of red lipstick in the early 20th century, the quote takes on a different meaning. Women applied red lipstick in public to surprise men and declare their independence from the social stratifications that limited them.
Her red lipstick helped women get to where they are today, so it makes sense to include it here. Over the years, red lipstick has given icons like Marilyn Monroe their distinctive look or added beauty and elegance to beloved characters, such as Disney's extensive princess ensemble. During the Islamic Golden Age, the 8th and 13th centuries, an Arab physician (Abulcasis) invented solid lipsticks, which were scented sticks rolled and pressed into special molds. Rebellious women in society began secretly marketing makeup recipes and making homemade lipsticks in underground lip blush societies and clandestine beauty establishments, which brought veiled lipstick devotees to private rooms where they could stock up on ingredients Cosmetics and smuggling into the secret house.
The 1970s arrived and lipstick once again became a tool of social rebellion, adopted by both sexes of punk-rock music to express dissent. The company's founder, Gabriela Hernandez, created her brand with this lipstick inspired by the nascent movement. Traces of lipstick, cosmetics, nail polish, or other stains can be found on drinking glasses, cigarette butts, and tissue papers, and all can be important forensic evidence in the investigation of a crime, especially in cases such as sexual assault, homicide, and in cases related to government or company corruption. and controversies.
By 1912, fashionable American women had come to consider lipstick to be acceptable, although an article in the New York Times advised on the need to apply it with caution. Clear, long-lasting lipsticks contain more oil, while long-lasting lipsticks also contain silicone oil, which seals the user's lip colors. As Christianity took hold in Europe, lipstick became a thing of the past and was almost completely forgotten (the Catholic Church condemned the use of cosmetics, often linking the use of red lipstick to the worship of Satan). .